Table 1: Weighted demographic characteristics and associations across lifestyle groups, NHANES 2003–2006.


Weighted Mean/Proportion/Odds Ratio (95% CI) Estimates Across the Lifestyle Behavior Groups

Variable Meets PA Guidelines and Positive LIPA-SED Balance (Considered Most Active Group) ( n = 850) Meets PA Guidelines and Negative LIPA-SED Balance ( n = 1,333) Does Not Meet PA Guidelines but has Positive LIPA-SED Balance ( n = 574) Does Not Meet PA Guidelines and Negative LIPA-SED Balance (Considered Least Active Group) ( n = 3,336)

Age, yrs ( n = 6093) 40.0 (38.8–41.3) 42.7 (41.5–43.9) 46.2 (44.7–47.8) 51.1 (52.9–55.4)
Odds Ratio: Age, 1 yr older † ( n = 5580) Referent 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 1.03 (1.021.04) 1.06 (1.051.07)
Gender, % ( n = 6093)
Men 19.7 (18.2-21.2) 34.4 (31.6–37.2) 6.0 (4.9–7.0) 39.8 (37.0–42.6)
Women 10.9 (9.2–12.5) 18.7 (16.3–21.2) 11.7 (10.2–13.2) 58.5 (56.2–60.8)
Odds Ratio: Female vs. Male † ( n = 5580) Referent 0.94 (0.72–1.22) 3.75 (2.95–4.78) 3.03 (2.42–3.81)
Race-Ethnicity, %
Mexican American ( n = 1267) 31.5 (27.8–35.1) 19.1 (16.4–21.8) 13.7 (11.4–16.1) 35.5 (31.9–39.0)
Non-Hispanic White ( n = 3256) 13.2 (11.8–14.7) 28.0 (25.1–30.9) 8.0 (6.5–9.4) 50.6 (47.9–53.3)
Non-Hispanic Black ( n = 1158) 13.4 (11.4–15.4) 23.9 (20.4–27.4) 10.4 (8.6–12.2) 52.1 (48.6–55.7)
Other ( n = 412) 18.8 (14.6–23.0) 20.5 (14.5–26.4) 11.1 (7.4–14.9) 49.4 (43.5–55.3)
Odds Ratio: Other vs. Non-Hispanic White † ( n = 5580) Referent 0.58 (0.46–0.73) 0.87 (0.67–1.13) 0.75 (0.57–0.98)
Poverty-to-Income Ratio ( n = 5816) 2.95 (2.79–3.11) 3.64 (3.53–3.75) 2.59 (2.41–2.77) 3.07 (2.94–3.21)
Odds Ratio: Poverty-to-Income Ratio, 1 unit higher † ( n = 5580) Referent 1.28 (1.19–1.37) 0.82 (0.74–0.91) 1.00 (0.92–1.08)
Cotinine, ng/mL ( n = 5891) 69.1 (53.9–84.4) 45.7 (35.4–56.0) 63.9 (52.5–75.3) 59.6 (52.3–66.9)
Odds Ratio: Cotinine, 1 ng/mL higher † ( n = 5580) Referent 0.99 (0.99–0.99) 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 1.00 (0.99–1.00)
BMI, kg/m 2( n = 6044) 27.0 (26.4–27.5) 27.0 (26.5–27.4) 29.3 (28.5–30.2) 29.2 (28.8–29.6)
Odds Ratio: BMI, 1 kg/m 2 higher † ( n = 5580) Referent 0.99 (0.97–1.02) 1.07 (1.04–1.10) 1.07 (1.05–1.09)
Weight Status, %
Normal Weight (18.5–24.9) ( n = 1780) 19.1 (16.7–21.4) 30.6 (26.8–34.4) 6.7 (5.3–8.1) 43.4 (39.8–47.0)
Overweight (25–29.9) ( n = 2194) 15.3 (13.6–17.1) 29.8 (26.3–33.3) 8.7 (7.1–10.3) 45.9 (42.9–49.0)
Obese (≥ 30) ( n = 1989) 11.9 (9.3–14.4) 18.3 (15.5–21.2) 11.2 (9.4–13.0) 58.5 (54.6–62.3)

OR = Odds Ratio
BMI = Body mass index
† 1 multinomial logistic regression model was computed, with the lifestyle group variable serving as the outcome variable and the above demographic variables serving as independent variables.
Bold indicates statistical significance ( P< 0.05)