Table 2: Weighted proportion of self-reported medical conditions and associations across lifestyle groups, NHANES 2003–2006.


Weighted Mean/Proportion/Odds Ratio (95% CI) Estimates Across the Lifestyle Behavior Groups

Variable Meets PA Guidelines and Positive LIPA-SED Balance (Considered Healthiest Group) Meets PA Guidelines and Negative LIPA-SED Balance Does Not Meet PA Guidelines but has Positive LIPA-SED Balance Does Not Meet PA Guidelines and Negative LIPA-SED Balance (Considered Unhealthiest Group)

% with Asthma (n=749) 12.2 (8.7–15.6) 27.6 (22.5–32.8) 9.5 (6.7–12.3) 50.5 (45.2–55.8)
% without Asthma (n=5335) 15.6 (14.2–17.0) 26.1 (23.5–28.7) 8.9 (7.6–10.1) 49.3 (46.8–51.7)
Odds Ratio: Asthma vs. No Asthma † (n=5571) Referent 1.44 (0.91–2.28) 1.11 (0.67–1.85) 1.28 (0.81–2.02)
% with Arthritis (n=1724) 7.9 (6.3–9.5) 15.7 (12.6–18.8) 8.3 (6.5–10.1) 67.9 (64.9–70.9)
% without Arthritis (n=4354) 17.6 (16.2–19.0) 30.0 (27.4–32.6) 9.2 (8.1–10.3) 43.1 (40.5–45.7)
Odds Ratio: Arthritis vs. No Arthritis † (n=5567) Referent 0.91 (0.65–1.28) 1.06 (0.74–1.54) 1.27 (0.98–1.66)
% with CHF (n=210) 4.5 (0.9–8.1) 6.4 (1.9–10.9) 5.2 (0.9–9.5) 83.7 (77.7–89.8)
% without CHF (n=5861) 15.4 (14.2–16.6) 26.9 (24.4–29.4) 9.1 (8.0–10.1) 48.5 (46.2–50.8)
Odds Ratio: CHF vs. No CHF † (n=5563) Referent 0.80 (0.21–3.03) 1.23 (0.30–5.08) 2.23 (0.75–6.64)
% with CAD (n=282) 3.2 (0.1–6.3) 15.4 (10.2–20.6) 5.1 (2.2–8.0) 76.1 (71.0–81.3)
% without CAD (n=5785) 15.6 (14.4–16.8) 26.7 (24.2–29.3) 9.1 (8.0–10.3) 48.4 (46.0–50.7)
Odds Ratio: CAD vs. No CAD † (n=5560) Referent 2.26 (0.76–6.69) 1.75 (0.53–5.78) 3.08 (1.19–7.99)
% with Stroke (n=215) 3.7 (0.0–7.9) 9.3 (4.1–14.5) 5.9 (2.2–9.7) 80.9 (74.0–87.8)
% without Stroke (n=5869) 15.4 (14.3–16.6) 26.7 (24.2–29.2) 9.0 (8.0–10.1) 48.6 (46.3–50.9)
Odds Ratio: Stroke vs. No Stroke † (n=5572) Referent 1.54 (0.39–6.02) 1.60 (0.39–6.53) 2.73 (0.74–10.04)
% with Emphysema (n=134) 4.4 (0.0–8.8) 5.7 (2.2–9.1) 8.5 (1.6–15.3) 81.3 (73.6–88.9)
% without Emphysema (n=5948) 15.4 (14.2–16.5) 26.7 (24.2–29.2) 9.0 (7.9–10.0) 48.8 (46.5–51.1)
Odds Ratio: Emphysema vs. No Emphysema † (n=5574) Referent 0.90 (0.30–2.66) 1.97 (0.52–7.40) 3.10 (1.09–8.81)
% with Bronchitis (n=377) 9.6 (5.5–13.6) 12.0 (7.2–16.8) 7.8 (4.4–11.1) 70.5 (64.5–76.4)
% without Bronchitis (n=5704) 15.5 (14.4–16.7) 27.3 (24.8–29.9) 9.0 (7.9–10.1) 47.9 (45.7–50.1)
Odds Ratio: Bronchitis vs. No Bronchitis † (n=5569) Referent 0.81 (0.38–1.74) 1.05 (0.54–2.04) 1.71 (0.94–3.10)
% with Liver Problem (n=192) 8.9 (5.1–12.7) 29.5 (19.6–39.4) 5.3 (1.2–9.3) 56.1 (46.6–65.7)
% without Liver Problem (n=5886) 15.3 (14.1–16.5) 26.2 (23.7–28.8) 9.1 (8.0–10.2) 49.2 (46.8–51.5)
Odds Ratio: Liver Problem vs. No Liver Problem † (n=5568) Referent 1.91 (0.99–3.66) 0.98 (0.34–2.83) 1.62 (0.91–2.89)
% with Thyroid Problem (n=618) 7.0 (4.6–9.4) 16.6 (12.6–20.6) 8.7 (5.9–11.6) 67.4 (62.8–72.1)
% without Thyroid Problem (n=5462) 16.1 (14.9–17.4) 27.5 (24.9–30.1) 9.0 (7.8–10.2) 47.2 (44.9–49.5)
Odds Ratio: Thyroid Problem vs. No Thyroid Problem † (n=5568) Referent 1.20 (0.79–1.81) 1.01 (0.52–1.96) 1.28 (0.89–1.84)
% with Cancer (n=587) 7.4 (4.7–10.2) 17.3 (13.0–21.5) 5.1 (2.7–7.5) 70.0 (64.7–75.3)
% without Cancer (n=5497) 15.9 (14.7–17.1) 27.2 (24.5–29.9) 9.3 (8.1–10.5) 47.4 (45.0–49.8)
Odds Ratio: Cancer vs. No Cancer † (n=5572) Referent 0.95 (0.57–1.58) 0.74 (0.34–1.61) 1.18 (0.76–1.82)
% with Diabetes (n=838) 7.5 (4.6–10.4) 10.2 (6.9–13.4) 7.9 (5.8–10.1) 74.2 (69.7–78.6)
% without Diabetes (n=5255) 16.0 (14.6–17.4) 28.1 (25.6–30.7) 9.1 (7.8–10.3) 46.6 (44.2–49.0)
Odds Ratio: Diabetes vs. No Diabetes † (n=5580) Referent 0.70 (42.6–1.16) 1.04 (0.52–2.06) 1.68 (1.03–2.75)
PHQ-9 Depression Score (n=2802) ‡ 1.78 (1.27–2.29) 1.78 (1.49–2.08) 2.18 (1.74–2.62) 2.90 (2.64–3.15)
% with Depression (n=514) ‡ 9.9 (6.5–13.2) 19.1 (13.1–25.2) 7.7 (5.1–10.3) 63.1 (57.1–69.2)
% without Depression (n=2288) ‡ 16.4 (14.1–18.7) 28.9 (24.6–33.2) 8.8 (7.4–10.3) 45.6 (42.2–49.1)
Odds Ratio: Depression vs. No Depression †‡ (n=2607) Referent 1.40 (0.85–2.31) 1.16 (0.59–2.29) 2.49 (1.44–4.30)
% with Functional Disability (n=2157) 5.5 (4.0–6.9) 13.3 (10.6–15.9) 6.4 (5.1–7.7) 74.7 (71.8–77.6)
% without Functional Disability (n=3936) 19.0 (17.6–20.4) 31.5 (28.7–34.2) 10.0 (8.6–11.3) 39.4 (36.9–41.8)
Odds Ratio: Disability vs. No Disability † Referent 1.50 (1.08–2.08) 1.32 (0.89–1.96) 3.17 (2.22–4.54)
Sleep Duration, hrs (n=3008) ‡ 6.7 (6.5–6.8) 6.9 (6.7–7.0) 6.9 (6.7–7.1) 6.9 (6.8–7.0)
Odds Ratio: 1 hr longer †‡ (n=2760) Referent 1.09 (0.98–1.22) 1.23 (1.05–1.45) 1.14 (1.01–1.27)
Sleep Latency, min (n=2995) ‡ 18.9 (16.6–21.2) 17.1 (14.9–19.3) 20.3 (18.4–22.1) 21.0 (19.7–22.3)
Odds Ratio: 1 min longer †‡ (n=2752) Referent 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 1.01 (0.99–1.02)
Health Status, %
Good or better (n=4515) 15.6 (14.2–17.0) 29.0 (26.2–31.8) 8.3 (7.1–9.6) 46.8 (44.2–49.5)
Fair or poor (n=1224) 12.1 (8.9–15.3) 12.2 (9.5–14.9) 11.1 (8.8–13.4) 64.4 (60.4–68.3)
Odds Ratio: Fair/Poor vs. Other † (n=5309) Referent 0.78 (0.53–1.15) 1.14 (0.68–1.89) 1.37 (0.97–1.94)

CHF = Congestive Heart Failure
CAD = Coronary Artery Disease
† Separate models were examined for each medical condition. Each model controlled for age, gender, race-ethnicity, poverty status (poverty-to-income ratio), smoking (cotinine), and body mass index.
‡ Assessed only in the 2005–2006 NHANES cycle.
Bold indicates statistical significance (P< 0.05)