Chemotherapy is an aggressive type of chemical medicinal treatment designed to kill the body’s rapidly proliferating cells. Since cancer cells grow and divide more quickly than other cells, it is typically utilized to treat cancer. An oncologist is a medical professional who specializes in the treatment of cancer. They’ll collaborate with develop the treatment strategy .
The oncologist may advise chemotherapy surgery to remove a cancerous tumor, such as a lumpectomy for breast cancer, in order to ensure that any remaining cancer cells are also eliminated. Additionally, chemotherapy is used to get ready for additional treatments. It might be used to make a tumor smaller so that it can be surgically removed or to get ready for radiation treatment. To treat diseases where the body’s immune system malfunctions, doses that are significantly lower than those used to treat cancer .
Depending on the type and degree of the treatment, chemotherapy might result in side effects that range in severity from minor to severe. Some folks might encounter minimal or no negative effects.
The usual adverse effects include nausea and vomiting. Antiemetic medications may be recommended by doctors to aid with the symptoms. For chemotherapy patients undergoing treatment, ginger contains bioactive chemicals called gingerols and shogaols that have a number of advantages .
Chemotherapy medications target rapidly proliferating cells, such hair cells. A few weeks after beginning their therapy, this may cause some people to experience hair loss or cause their hair to become thin or brittle. In order to prevent or lessen hair loss during chemotherapy, wearing cooling caps can keep the scalp cool. According to a 2019 study, scalp cooling not only stopped hair loss but also accelerated the return of hair volume following treatment. Most patients, though not all, discover that their hair grows back when their therapy is over. A counsellor might suggest getting a hairpiece or similar appropriate covering to wear while receiving treatment .
One of the most common side effects of chemotherapy is fatigue. This may be present the majority of the time or only after particular activity. A person can talk to their doctor about the ideal activity-to-rest ratio for them in order to lessen weariness. In many situations, it is preferable to avoid total rest unless a doctor specifically advises it. Keeping up a level of physical exercise may help with symptoms and make it possible for a person to function as normally as possible.
Any area of the digestive system, from the mouth to the anus, can be affected by mucositis, or inflammation of the mucous membrane. The mouth is impacted by oral mucositis. Depending on the chemotherapy dose, symptoms can change. While some people suffer a burning pain in their mouth or on their lips, it can make it unpleasant to eat or speak. A person may have an infection or be at risk of getting one if bleeding occurs. After commencing treatment, it frequently shows up 7 to 10 days later and usually goes away a few weeks later .
The body’s ability to digest nutrition can be impacted by chemotherapy, cancer, or both, which can cause an appetite reduction and weight loss. A person often regains their appetite after treatment, albeit the severity of these side effects depends on the kind of cancer and the chemotherapy regimen. Eating smaller, more frequent meals and drinking nutrient-rich beverages through a straw to assist maintain fluid and nutrient intake are some solutions to this problem.
Received Date: Sep 01, 2022 / Manuscript No: PO-22-80466 / Editor Assigned: Sep 05, 2022 PreQC No: PO-22-80466 (PQ) / Reviewed Date: Sep 19, 2022 / QC No: PO-22-80466 / Revised Date: Sep 26, 2022 Revised Manuscript No: PO-22-80466 (R) / Published Date: Oct 03, 2022 Doi: 10.11131/PO-22/1000005
Copyright: © 2022 R. Ahem. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.