Giovanni Mariscalco, MD, PhD, received the MD degree from University of Insubria (Italy), School of Medicine in 2001. Subsequently, He received the Ph.D. degree from the University of Umeå (Sweden) in 2008 and a subsequent post-graduate doctorate in Surgery and Biotechnology from University of Insubria (Italy) in 2011. Dr.Mariscalco completed his clinical fellowship in cardiac surgery at Cardiothoracic Division of Umeå University Hospital (Sweden) in 2004 and his residency in cardiac surgery at Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria (Italy) in 2006. Currently, He is working as consultant in cardiac surgery at Cardiac Surgery Unit of Varese University Hospital (Italy). He is author and co-author of more than 70 papers, 50 abstracts, and chapters in 6 books. Dr.Mariscalco has been a member of editorial boards of medical journals, and has reviewed manuscripts for 29 medical journals. He is Clinical Professor for the Post-graduate School of Cardiac Surgery at Insubria of University (Italy). Finally, He is an active member in a variety of surgical societies.