Stereo Lithography of 3D Printing Technology

Stereo Lithography of 3D Printing Technology

Commentary - (2023) Volume 11, Issue 2

S. Nachappan*
*Correspondence: S. Nachappan, Department of Computer Science, Graduate School of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China, Email:

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Since stereo-lithography first started to appear in various types of additive manufacturing and 3D printing, it has been more than three decades. These technologies are now widely used in a variety of modern production processes. Currently, the production of diverse polymer components, particularly complicated structures that cannot be produced using other manufacturing processes, represents the largest portion of the 3D printing market. In an effort to create human organs, starting with skin and diverse tissue patches, conventional printer head systems have also been modified to selectively print different kinds of speciated human cells and unique chemicals. These initiatives are discussed along with metal and alloy fabrication of various implant and bone replacement components using powder layers that are selectively melted into complex forms (like foams and other open-cellular structures) under the control of laser and electron beams guided by CAD software. We’ll quickly go over efforts to develop an “alive implant” within these implants through eventual vascularization and bone ingrowth. In other 3D printing methods, novel printer heads for direct metal droplet deposition are briefly detailed because these ideas will eventually enable the manufacture of very big and complicated goods, such as automobile and aerospace structures and components.

In general, the idea of printing entails the deposition of drops or particles that combine to form a layer with a variety of dimensions. Such layers are created one on top of the other during 3D printing to create a layer-fabricated product. Droplet deposition is conceptually (and extensively) shown in the context of typical ink-jet printers. As the printer head travels in the x and y directions, drops are pulsed into a jet stream that can be moved across a surface. Droplets can contain a variety of components, including inks, nanoparticles, and cells, or they can remain as a continuous liquid when printing on particular surfaces, including metals. Around 1867, Lord Kelvin created the first such printing equipment to record modulated lines using ink droplets released through an aperture.

Other layer printing techniques started with lithography (about 1797), progressed to multicolor (layer) printing using chromolithography (still in use today), and Integrated Circuit (IC) production using photolithography. Charles Hull first introduced the word “stereolithography” in the 1980’s to describe a technique for creating a range of solid structures by layer-by-layer printing thin liquid photopolymer resins that were then cured by concentrated ultraviolet beams (usually a UV laser). Shows a straightforward schematic of a stereolithography system, also known as Rapid Prototyping (RP) or solid freeform fabrication.

Other dispenser-head arrangements exist for depositing material in a series of layers. A metal powder feed system is used in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS) procedure to spray the metal powder onto a surface, where a central laser beam melts it. This method is very beneficial for restoring corroded metal surfaces. Extruded polymer and a support material are both dispensed by fused deposition modelling (FDM), both in spools that feed the materials through extrusion heads.

A focused laser beam uses mirror scanning to cross a layer (x-y) utilising a Computer-Aided Design (CAD) or stereolithography (STL) file to photo-cure particular layer parts in a system where the build piston lowers the build table to achieve a desired layer thickness above the building product.This file contains layer-by-layer instructions for building a 3D product, which is frequently more complicated than any other product or production technique.

The build piston is then lowered to continue layer building once the uncured (or unreacted) polymer layer has been removed using the sweeper presents a number of instances of polymer items with intricate 3D structures that were made using a commercial stereo-lithography machine.

CAD files (or software) that lead the mirror system scanning the laser beam in originally contain models of such products. Two common methods for creating metal layers that are essentially similar and include rolling or raking metal powder into layers that are then selectively melted (using CAD software) shows a schematic for sequential layer Electron Beam Melting (EBM) while illustrating a Selective Laser Melting (SLM) schematic.

Author Info

S. Nachappan*
Department of Computer Science, Graduate School of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China

Citation: S. Nachappan “Stereo lithography of 3D printing technology”. Open Access J Sci Technol. Vol.11, Article ID 005, 2 Pages, 2023. DOI: 10.11131/OAJOST.23.11.005

Received Date: Nov 18, 2022 / Manuscript No: OAJOST-22-80336 / Editor Assigned: Nov 21, 2022 PreQC No: OAJOST-22-80336 (PQ) / Reviewed Date: Dec 05, 2022 / QC No: OAJOST-22-80336 / Revised Date: Feb 22, 2023 Revised Manuscript No: OAJOST-22-80336 (R) / Published Date: Mar 01, 2023 Doi: 10.11131/OAJOST.23.11.005

Copyright: © 2023 S. Nachappan. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.